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      - Biography of Che Guevara ( )

            ...


       

       I think, Che  was  not  only
                                        the intellectual,  but  also  the     most
                                        complete person of our epoch.
                                                                         Jean-Paul
                                        Sartre.
      
      
          This is a short essay about Che Guevara's life. It was made in order  to
      obtain a good grade for my Writing English class, and, because I had  wanted
      to know more about this man. I decided to talk about him,  because  I  think
      he is a perfect example of a man who never gives up, no  matter  what,  that
      believes in equality for everyone and that is disposed to die, if he has  to
      defend his ideals. Nowadays, Che Guevara becomes a legend.  I  am  going  to
      talk about his life, and how he died for the world deeply convincing in  his
      thoughts. He reflected of his mission in this life like helping  out  others
      to be free and to get their rights back  from  oppressive  governments,  and
      even though of his failure, his ideals are still alive.
        Ernesto Guevara was born on June 14th,  1928  in  Argentina.  His  parents
      were members  of  privileged  middle  class.  Elder  Guevara  engaged  in  a
      campaign to stop Nazi propaganda in the  America.  His  mother  was  equally
      outspoken. Several times she had been arrested for  her  political  activism
      and, like her husband, would always support her  son  in  his  revolutionary
      career.
        When Ernesto was 2 years old, he turned asthmatic and his  family  had  to
      move to the countryside, where his father tried to  heal  him  teaching  him
      sports like football, baseball, swimming, and  rugby.  During  grade  school
      Guevaras decease forced him to receive much of his education at  home  from
      his parents. Che became interested in literature,  philosophy  and  physical
      activities. Especially, he was fond of travelling.  In  fact,  in  1952,  he
      decided to travel through Argentina with a friend riding  a  motorcycle.  In
      1947 he entered to the University of Buenos  Aires  in  order  to  become  a
      doctor. In 1951, after taking his final exams from the university,  he  made
      a much longer journey: he visited Chile,  where  he  met  Salvador  Allende,
      Peru, where  he  worked  for  some  weeks  in  the  San  Pablo  leprosarium,
      Colombia, where he was arrested but soon released, Venezuela, and Miami.  He
      returned home with his absolute sure of one thing, that he did not  want  to
      become  a  middle-class  ordinary  doctor.  He  qualified,  specializing  in
      dermatology, and went to La Paz, Bolivia,  during  the  National  Revolution
      which he condemned as  opportunist,  because  those  revolution  established
      proamerican government. From there he went to Guatemala, earning his  living
      by writing archaeological articles about Maya ruins.
       In Guatemala, Ernesto worked as a doctor in  a  health  program.  Suddenly,
      the American troops invaded Guatemala. In these days  he  became  "Che".  He
      got this nickname from some his Cuban friends in 1953.  The  most  important
      thing of this trip was that  he  got  to  know  Marx's  theory.  Guatemalas
      government made him outlaw as a dangerous communist and he  escaped  in  the
      embassy of Argentina, and two months later, went to Mexico.  He  arrived  to
      Mexico on September 21st, 1954.
       There, in Mexico-City, Ernesto met  Fidel  Castro,  who  convinced  him  to
      participate in the Cuban Revolution. They began to prepare for a  revolution
      in the special camp, where they learned combat and  tactic  training.  After
      few months, Fidel decided to invade Cuba. There  were  eighty-two  men  when
      they boated in the ship and secretly sail to the  Cuba.  They  got  land  in
      December 3, 1956, but were assaulted by Cuban army and, unfortunately,  only
      fifteen men survived. Castros rebels waited till recovering wounds  in  the
      mountains and then started to act. Country population  supported  rebellions
      by giving them food and new recruiters. They began to take some areas  under
      their control and Castro carried out agrarian and social reforms  that  were
      hold by Cuban people. Che was one of the best and lucky commanders  who  won
      few important fights against Batistas army. In addition, he served  as  the
      troop doctor. This  civil  war  lasted  for  three  years  (1956-1959),  and
      finally, on January the 1st, the rebels won. They  entered  to  Havana,  and
      dictator Batista fled to Dominican Republic.
        Che Guevara became the second man in Cuban  government  after  Castro.  He
      got Cuban citizenship, and organized and directed the National Institute  of
      Agrarian Reforms to carry the new  agrarian  laws  expropriating  the  large
      landholders; ran Department of Industries  and  occupied  President  of  the
      National Bank of Cuba. He negotiated and signed  commercial  contracts  with
      the Soviet Union and others socialistic countries. When there was  Caribbean
      crisis, he got bad attitude for the Soviet Union,  because  of  Khrushchevs
      decision to remove nuclear weapon from Cuba. He thought that USSR was on  he
      wrong way using their principle of peaceful co-existing.
       Soon, Che lost his interest in management  of  Cuban  economy,  because  of
      some fails in the results, and in the end of 1963; his duties  were  limited
      to international relationships. He was like  a  revolutionary  ambassador.
      He undertook governments diplomatic tour visiting many  countries  and  was
      sent to represent Cuba at the United Nations General Assembly in New York.
       However, revolution movement called Guevara, who tired of  being  political
      figure. It was better for him  sneaking  in  the  jungles  with  AK-47  than
      sitting at the bureaucrats table. He disappeared from social life and  went
      to Africa trying to raise revolution forces. Regrettably, his  African  trip
      was unsuccessful. He couldnt organize left forces there and  was  compelled
      to return back to America.
      Che's final revolutionary  adventure  was  in  Bolivia.  In  April  1967  he
      illegally came to Bolivia with small group of guerrillas fighters.  At  the
      beginning,  everything  was  good:  there  was  organized  strike   of   the
      mineworkers and rebels  won  several  fights.  Soon,  CIA  came  to  help  o
      Bolivian dictatorship regime, and in the October  Ches  group  were  seized
      and almost terminated. Che Guevara was wounded and captured.  The  next  day
      he was executed. His body was hidden and only  in  1997  it  was  found  and
      buried in Cuba.
         After his death, he  was  instantly  transformed  into  an  icon  of  the
      revolutionary commitment and heroism. He was type of  man  who  persistently
      moves to the aim. His aspiration  to  life  didnt  have  the  borders.  Che
      Guevara was a man of total integrity, a man of  stoic  and  Spartan  living
      habits. Despite of his failures in economic and diplomacy, he served  as  a
      convincing symbol of the dedicated revolutionary whose actions  were  always
      in harmony and moral ideals. He died for these ideals.
      
      
      
          Selected bibliography:
      
         1. Arthur M. Schlesinger, Jr.  Che Guevara. NY, 1989.
      
         Internet web sites:
      
          1. http://www.che-lives.com/